Backyard Adventures Garage

Monday, November 26, 2007

Wit and Wisdom From the Military

"If the Enemy is in range, so are you."- Infantry Journal
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"It is generally inadvisable to eject over the area you just bombed" - U.S. Air Force Manual
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"Aim towards the Enemy" - Instructions printed on U.S.Rocket Launcher
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"When the pin is pulled, Mr. Grenade is not our friend." - U.S. Marine Corps
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"Cluster bombing from B-52s is very, very accurate. The bombs are guaranteed always to hit the ground." - USAF Ammo Troop
"Whoever said the pen is mightier then the sword obviously never encountered automatic weapons." - General MacArthur
"Try to look unimportant; they may be low on ammo." – Infantry Journnal
"You, you, and you. Panic. The rest of you come with me." - U.S. Marine Gunnery Sgt
"Tracers work both ways." - U.S. Army Ordnance
"Five second fuses only last three seconds" - Infantry Journal
"Don't ever be the first, don't ever be the last, and don't ever volunteer to do anything." - U.S. Navy Swabbie
"Bravery is being the only one who knows you're afraid." – David Hacckworth
"If your attack is going too well, you're walking into an ambush." - Infantry Journal
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"No combat-ready unit has ever passed inspection." - Joe Gay
"Any ship can be a minesweeper. Once." - Unknown
"Never tell the Platoon Sergeant you have nothing to do." – Unknown Marine Recruit
"Don't draw fire; it irritates the people around you."
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"If you see a bomb technician running, follow him." - USAF Ammo Troop
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"You've never been lost until you've been lost at Mach 3." - Paul F. Crickmore (test pilot)
"The only time you have too much fuel is when you're on fire."
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"Blue water Navy truism: There are more planes in the ocean than submarines in the sky." - From an old carrier sailor
"If the wings are traveling faster than the fuselage, it's probably a helicopter - and therefore, unsafe."
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"When one engine fails on a twin-engine airplane, you always have enough power left to get you to the scene of the crash."
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"Without ammunition, the USAF would be just another expensive flying club."
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"What is the similarity between air traffic controllers and pilots? If a pilot screws up, the pilot dies; If ATC screws up.... The pilot dies."
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"Never trade luck for skill."
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The three most common expressions (or famous last words) in aviation are: "Why is it doing that?", "Where are we?" And "Oh S...!"
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"Weather forecasts are horoscopes with numbers."
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"Airspeed, altitude and brains. Two are always needed to complete the flight successfully."
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"Mankind has a perfect record in aviation; we never left one up there!"
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"Flashlights are tubular metal containers kept in a flight bag to store dead batteries."
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"Flying the airplane is more important than radioing your plight to a person on the ground who is incapable of understanding or doing anything about it."
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"The Piper Cub is the safest airplane in the world; it can just barely kill you." - Attributed to Max Stanley (Northrop test pilot)
"A pilot who doesn't have any fear probably isn't flying his plane to its maximum." - Jon McBride, astronaut
"If you're faced with a forced landing, fly the thing as far into the crash as possible." - Bob Hoover (renowned aerobatic and test pilot )
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"A slipping gear could let your M203 grenade launcher fire when you least expect it. That would make you quite unpopular in what's left of your unit." - Army's magazine of preventive maintenance.
"Never fly in the same cockpit with someone braver than you."
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"There is no reason to fly through a thunderstorm in peacetime." - Sign over squadron ops desk at Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ, 1970
"If something hasn't broken on your helicopter, it's about to."
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Basic Flying Rules: "Try to stay in the middle of the air. Do not go near the edges of it. The edges of the air can be recognized by the appearance of ground, buildings, sea, trees and interstellar space. It is much more difficult to fly there."
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"You know that your landing gear is up and locked when it takes full power to taxi to the terminal."
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As the test pilot climbs out of the experimental aircraft, having torn off the wings and tail in the crash landing, the crash truck arrives. The rescuer sees a bloodied pilot and asks, "What happened?" The pilot's reply, "I don't know, I just got here myself!" - Attributed to Ray Crandell (Lockheed test pilot)


Friday, November 9, 2007

A New Look at the Four Traditions of Geography

A New Look at the Four Traditions of Geography
J. Lewis Robinson

In the May 1964 issue of the Journal of Geography, William D. Pattison presented a brief and excellent statement concerning the main themes in geography. His four traditions article has been quoted widely since then, and it has helped to reduce the problem of defining the broad scope of the discipline in one or two sentences which would be acceptable to and understood by the public, teachers, and professional geographers. An obvious difficulty of any brief definition is what is omitted by a summary statement. Instead of trying to produce a definition which would receive general agreement, Pattison suggested that we should consolidate the concepts and themes of geography into those few which have been persistent throughout the development of the discipline in the past century. Thus he identified geography’s four traditions: spatial, area studies, man-land, and earth science. Many other people and numerous curriculum committees have listed the major concepts and principles of geography; each geography professor or teacher probably has his or her own list. Pattison’s four traditions are a happy compromise in learning scale between compiling a list of a dozen or more “main concepts” of geography and memorizing a frustrating single-sentence definition.

Academics who are close to their subject sometimes forget that the intellectual problems of defining a discipline are not unique to geography. Because of the “knowledge explosion” of the past few decades, many disciplines are in a state of flux as attempts are made to compartmentalize knowledge into convenient boxes for study purposes. Where are the lines between geology and physics or chemistry; has the linking zone become the field of geophysics? How can the boundaries of history be defined when it can deal with all events, over all time, in any area of the world? Do we know the people-concepts of sociologists and how they differ from those of psychologists? The rise of interdisciplinary studies in the universities is a reaction partly to a desire to remove academic boundaries and also to the difficulty of defining them. Students and teachers will always face the dilemma that knowledge is so vast that we must divide it in order to understand or master some part of it, yet all knowledge is related and we must try to understand the links and interactions. The arguments are not new – neither for the specialists who face the impossible task of learning “all” about a part of knowledge, nor for the generalist who has the equally impossible task of trying to see the “whole.”

Despite the academic difficulties of defining fields of study or disciplines, there are thousands of geographers who feel that their point of view, their approach, their interests, their phenomena of study are somehow different from those of the sociologist, historian, or geologist. Geographers have a long tradition which tells us what we study, how we study, and why we study. Harvey reminds us to distinguish between philosophy and methodology as related to a discipline. Philosophy tells us what a subject is all about, whereas methodology tells us how to do it. In discussing the four traditions we are concerned with philosophy rather than methodology. Part of our difficulty in definition may lie in separating the central core of the subject, which should be that taught in our schools and universities, from research, which is often on the boundaries of the discipline and overlaps with and uses other disciplines.

Pattison’s “Four Traditions” was an excellent statement of the central core and main themes of geography 12 years ago, but geography, like other disciplines, has changed. Scholars are continually trying to determine and analyze our development. As one sees changes in a discipline, how does one separate a trend from a fad? How many practitioners are needed or how many articles or books must be written before a subdiscipline is recognized? Are Pattison’s traditions still suitable in terms of present trends in geography in the United States and Canada? I believe they are. We use them as the basis for a course on geography as a discipline, required for all third-year geography majors at the University of British Columbia.

Pattison said that throughout its modern history geography has dealt with at least four central themes. We recognize that all geographical work need not be confined by these themes but that one or more of them is usually included in most geographical work. It may be useful to discuss these traditions again and to assess them in terms of some recent trends.


If a discipline can be condensed into one word (which is perhaps less difficult than one sentence!), one might agree that geology is rocks, botany is plants, history is time, sociology is people, and geography is place. Geographers have always been concerned with the attributes of place – its location, position, direction, and distance – and aspects of the form and movements related to these attributes. Part of the spatial tradition of geography is concerned with the distribution of phenomena. But this is not to say that geography is concerned only with the areal or spatial arrangement of phenomena; any phenomenon which is large enough to be “seen” has a distribution of some type, and geography should not make the inclusive claim of studying all phenomena. A definition of geography as “the science of distributions” is not very helpful. Other disciplines are interested in the distribution of, for example, rocks, plants, and ethnic groups; we should be pleased that they are concerned with distributions instead of claiming that such study is the preserve solely of geography.

Geometry, measurement, and movement have been among our concerns in geographical description and explanation. Quantification is not new in geography; the use and understanding of measurement have always required varying amounts of mathematics in geographical work. Pattison reminded us that the concepts of location and measurement are of equal concern to the grade school teacher dealing with ideas of direction or scale and to the research geographer working on central place theory or seeking geometric laws for patterns of dispersal or concentration.

When Pattison discussed the spatial tradition in 1964, the “quantitative revolution” was just becoming a significant force in university-level geography. Using new computing tools and better training in mathematics, geographers analyzed the spatial arrangements of cities, land uses, beach pebbles, drumlins, shopping centers, etc. As part of the attempt to make geography “scientific” when science was all-powerful in the mid-1960s, great amounts of data were analyzed in order to find models, laws, or patterns. The vast amount of evidence that could be collected, processed, and analyzed permitted more exact knowledge of areal distributions and their relationships, compared with the “fuzzy generalizations” and intuitive correlations of earlier years. Unfortunately, some of these geographers became “technicians” more interested in their methods than with the historic concern of geography for generalization or synthesis of elements in the world about them.

Of the many controversies which have rent geography, perhaps the arguments over quantification in the late 1960s were the most bitter. Partly, it was a “generation gap” controversy similar to that in many families at the time, with older geographers not understanding the “new” tools and methods, and younger geographers being aggressively confident that they held the salvation of the profession in their hands. Like many arguments, the basic difficulty was that neither group was able to communicate effectively with the other. The revolution seems to be over in the 1970s, and some future assessment of trends in geography may conclude that quantification (perhaps we can again call it measurement) resulted in a strengthening of the spatial tradition in geography.

One of the new trends in geography, found also in the other traditions, is the psychological concept, perception. The question is not simply where something is located, but where someone thinks it is located. A growing literature on students’ “mental maps” indicates that the public’s concepts of spatial matters may be quite different from those of the trained geographer. In the spatial tradition, it is almost taken for granted that the geographer knows and uses the concepts of scale, direction, and distance and understands how to interpret these concepts on maps; there is increasing evidence that many people do not perceive these spatial concepts as geographers do. If computer maps can show that there is order in the world’s spatial systems, can our brains comprehend this order?

A development which concerns me is that in the past decade the word space has taken on a new meaning to students and the public; it refers to outer space, to the moon and planets and “space ships.” I believe that we are not communicating well with these students and the public when we speak of “spatial” matters in referring to something on the earth. We may have already lost the word spatial because our use of it as place, space, or area is no longer the same as that of the majority of other people. If that linguistic battle is about lost, I suggest that we save the tradition and all that it means to geography by going back to the good geographical word areal. Discussing an “areal distribution” or an “areal pattern” may be more explanatory than trying to define the word spatial to a new generation which now uses that word differently. Because a new term, areal tradition, might be confused with the area studies tradition, can we change the name of the spatial tradition to the location-distribution tradition?


Geography has always been concerned with the study of places or areas. The geographer’s methodology is to divide the world into smaller areas for convenience of study; a historian uses a similar method to divide the flow of world history into eras or periods that are defined with a particular purpose. Geographers believe there is a hierarchy of areas, small to large and vice versa, which have functional connections. One of the simplest concepts in geography, and yet apparently a difficult one for some to understand, is that areas (places) can be of any size and must be defined. In the 1930s too much of geographical research became bogged down in the methodology and criteria for defining area boundaries and lost sight of the character of the region under discussion and the purpose of the boundaries.

To a geographer, places or areas contain a variety of phenomena. Area specialists have the task of selecting information; this choice is subjective, depending on the purpose of the study and the background and interests of the geographer. Some have criticized this subjective aspect of area studies, noting that it is contrary to the exactness and measurement of the spatial tradition. For those who so wish, area studies may be considered an art and the spatial tradition a science.

Throughout our history, geographers have attempted to know as much about an area or a region as possible and to select the dominant features of the area which would define its character. At its worst, and too often in the school systems, area studies (often called regional geography) became a listing of miscellaneous, unrelated information about a place – a deadly, dull memorization of facts. Such is the image of geography for many present-day adults. As knowledge of areas expanded rapidly after the 1950s (through elaborate censuses and from air photos and earth satellites), few geographers had the mental ability, or the inclination, to know everything about an area. The tasks and purposes of regional geography (or area studies) began to be questioned and the number and influence of its practitioners declined.

Within the area studies tradition some geographers selected information which permitted the study of landscapes. These geographers were interested in the varying ways that man arranged his fields, roads, houses, industries, etc. in differing degrees of harmony with the local environment. Such work had to be based on field study, an integral part of the area studies tradition. At its worst (or best) it gave geographers an excuse for travel, and some were regarded experts on an area merely because they had seen it. Many geographers achieved personal satisfaction from classifying, comparing, analyzing, and explaining the variety of landscapes in the world or some part of it. To many of the general public and in much of the education system, geographers are still considered the persons who best understand the characteristics of places, areas, and regions.

Most professional geographers, however, now prefer to call themselves topical (or systematic) specialists such as geomorphologists, economic geographers, etc. and no longer wish to accept the public image of being area specialists. This viewpoint became apparent during the 1950s in the universities when area study courses became popular outside of geography. Areas may also be studied by linguists, historians, anthropologists, and members of other disciplines, and it was sometimes difficult to define what a geographer’s contribution should or could be in a team approach to area study courses. Sometimes the geographer’s role was to supply the facts about the physical environment of the region – even at a time when physical geography was in decline in the United States.

We must ask ourselves whether the area studies tradition declined in significance and interest because of some weakness in its concepts or methodology or because of poor teaching and few good written examples. Are the traditional concepts, principles, and literature of regionalism and the regional method being ignored by the new generation of geographers? The trend away from area studies which is apparent in the university training of geographers will probably increase in the school system. One must hope that, as the pendulum has swung back and forth in the other traditions of geography, so a better regional geography will eventually emerge.

If area studies are declining, is it because most of our graduate schools are concentrating on producing topical specialists and the area in which the activity takes place is secondary to the theory of a process? One must question how some geomorphologists differ from geologists, how the interests of some economic geographers differ from those of economists, or how the questions studied by some sociologists differ from those of social geographers. Although the boundaries between disciplines are difficult to define, many geographers still believe that the characteristic that defines geography is its prime concern with particular areas.

Although some may think that regional geography is no longer practical in an education system where relevance is emphasized, we should recall that many of the concepts of regional geography were of real value in the development of regional planning in the 1960s. Regional planning, which deals with the spatial arrangement of phenomena and facilities for better living for people in an area, is close to what many persons believe to be one of the main purposes of geography.

Rather than being discouraged that area studies have declined as one of our main traditions, we should ask whether our abdication has resulted in the traditional concepts’ appearing under different names. Has the emergence of “regional science,” often led by regional economists, been the result of the neglect of regional research and the lack of application of regional concepts by geographers? The new language of systems theory can make sense to older geographers if one replaces the word system with functional region. Do the areal interconnections, flows, and interactions which geographers study within a region sound more sophisticated if one calls them a system? Perhaps the most encouraging development is that many of us have overlooked a change in scale in area studies. The most popular courses and much of the research in modern geography is in and about cities; the variety of topics in urban studies and their areal problems are quite similar to the work of regional geographers on large agricultural regions in earlier decades. In the words of one of my students, “regional geography [area studies] isn’t dead; it is now called urban geography.”


This theme has been persistent through several centuries of geographical work. In it the term land is defined in its broadest sense, meaning the earth or the total physical environment. Throughout our history, geographers have been concerned with probing the relationships between man and his physical environment; numerous methodological and philosophical arguments have arisen from attempts to define the degree of relationship or interaction between man and the land.

Early in this century, in several parts of the world, many geographers found examples, which in turn led to generalizations, of how the distribution, activities, and even social character of man were controlled or deeply influenced by the physical environment in which he lived. This philosophy led some geographers into a detour along the road of geographical development which was called determinism or environmentalism. Much geographical writing of the 1930s and 1940s concerning the man-land tradition was aimed at rejecting or discrediting the theories of environmentalism. However, certain aspects of these geographic concepts, perhaps more than any other of the traditions, spread to other disciplines (particularly history) at that time. To many older persons in the other social sciences, geography is still thought of as the subject which studies the influences of environment upon man. Similarly, this man-land tradition was probably strongest in the classrooms of our school systems. Many students think of geography as that subject which makes man aware of the elements of the earth around him.

In the past decade, the pendulum has swung to another extreme, with the emphasis on man rather than land. Now many young geographers, and particularly the students in our geography classrooms, are deeply concerned with man’s impact or influence upon his environment. No longer do students think about how the environment controls man’s activities; they are worried about how man is destroying his environment. As is too often the case in the media, the middle view of man-land relationships is lost. There may now be just as many extreme, enthusiastic, ill-informed “eco-freaks” who want to protect the environment for no use as there formerly were serious prophets of doom who warned that people would be confined only to certain places on the earth because of the inhospitable environments elsewhere.

Much of the popularity of the “new” discipline of ecology is related to its genuine concern about the relationships between organisms and their environment – a concept that is not new to geographers. That many students believe ecological concepts are new and relevant indicates that geographers have neglected the appeal of the man-land tradition, perhaps because of the past extremes of environmentalism.

Geographers may have the same problems with the man-land tradition as do some of the new ecologists. Some of those who got on the ecological bandwagon in recent years were zoologists or botanists who studied plants and animals in their environments but who knew very little about man as an organism. As geography developed closer contact with psychology in recent years, we realized that the critical element in man-land relationships is really man’s mind, and that we know little about it. Our questions are not about what the environment is, but what man believes or perceives it to be. A new group composed of behavioral geographers is asking how man reacts to, or behaves in, his physical and social environment. We are coming to realize how little we know specifically about man’s way of thinking about, and his perception of, the natural environment in which he lives.

We have similar problems in dealing with the “land” part of the relationship. Perhaps in reaction to the vagueness of some past-stated man-land relationships and partially because of the lack of training in physical geography in many American universities after 1945, many geographers who called themselves human, cultural, social, or urban geographers studied man with little reference to the physical environment in which he lived. Whereas at one time the word environment seldom needed an adjective for geographers – it meant the component parts of the physical earth – new geographers discuss man’s social, political, or urban (that is, man-made) environments. Man no longer lives in one environment, the land, he lives in many.

How many geographers are capable of understanding the land as the total physical environment? Some physical geographers study processes interacting among elements in the physical environment and others focus their attention on only certain elements (e.g., landforms, climate, soil, etc.). It is doubtful that many persons can really perceive the totality of the physical environment.

That man works with, adapts to, uses, or abuses his environment are pertinent concepts. Undoubtedly man-land relationships exist and geographers have been interested in trying to understand them for many decades. But when we realize how little we know about the “man” part of the relationship, and how little we understand about the totality of the “land,” we should be questioning the validity of some conclusions concerning the relationship. The answer may be to do better and more accurate work in the man-land tradition rather than studying man floating in space with no earthly roots or studying earth processes without the complication of man’s interference.


By narrow definition, geographers are persons who are interested in geos (“the earth”). Geography is the word of Greek origin which meant “to write about the earth.” In the last century in Europe and in the early part of this century in the United States, many geologists developed a greater interest in the surface of the earth than in its underground rock structure and became “geographers.” These persons and others found satisfaction in studying how landforms, drainage, climate, vegetation, and soils interacted in particular areas and how this total physical environment varied from place to place around the world. In time, many physical geographers became more concerned with the processes involved within the elements of the environment and less interested in the areas where the processes were located. Some physical geographers preferred to leave man out of the study of process, but as population densities increased throughout the world, this omission became more difficult and often impractical. As noted in the preceding section, the earth science tradition can merge into the man-land tradition depending upon the degree of omission of, or emphasis on, man.

The earth science tradition was declining in the United States in the 1930s and was especially weak in the 1950s. Physical geography courses were few in American geography departments and even omitted in some. This lack of earth science training in the universities was paralleled by the rise in the school systems of social studies in which man could apparently be studied without having any earthly roots. Some geographers worried that the “geo” had gone out of geography. (Some cause-and-effect “determinists” may relate the increased abuse of the American environment to the decline of the earth science tradition.) This decline in the United States was not characteristic of geography in most of the rest of the world, however. In Europe, the Soviet Union, Britain, and Canada, physical geography remained a strong component of geographical education and training. In these places and elsewhere, geographers still believed that one of their purposes was to try to understand and explain “the earth as the home of man.” To many of the general public, geographers are still the persons who are expected to know the facts about landforms, climate, etc. of any part of the world.

The earth science pendulum began to swing back in the United States in the late 1960s, probably as a result of the revived interest in the environment. Whereas this environmental concern has probably strengthened geography elsewhere in the world, it remains to be seen how strong and sincere is the revival in the United States. To some geographers, earth science (physical geography) is becoming more attractive because it deals with the “real” world; it is more “scientific” and exact than the “fuzzy generalizations” of the human and cultural geographers. American geography, as measured by the production of theses, papers at geography meetings, number of courses in universities, and the strength of social studies in the schools, is still, however, dominated by urban, social, and economic geography which gives scant attention to the earth. Geologists and ecologists are moving in to fill the space vacated by geographers. Specialization continues even within physical geography, as in other disciplines, and we produce geomorphologists, climatologists, biogeographers, etc. rather than “earth scientists.” Of the many disciplines now interested in the physical environment, properly trained physical geographers should come closer than most to understanding and finding solutions to problems associated with the interrelated processes of man’s earth.


The four traditions are a useful framework for discussion of the content and purposes of geography as a discipline. Undoubtedly they will not satisfy all geographers. Some will note the omission of comments on the time element or historical geography. Also neglected are cartography and maps, the traditional tools of geographers. Some can say that our discipline lacks unity and seems to be divided into smaller subdisciplines; geomorphologists may have more in common with geologists than with cultural geographers; political geographers may find more to discuss with colleagues in international studies than with urban geographers. In fact, few geographers are left who do not use an adjective in front of the word to define their work and interests. If we are to remain a discipline, we need to agree that there are some common themes and purposes in our work. Despite the changes, trends, and narrowing focus of interests in geography, the four traditions seem to provide an effective structure for describing the philosophy of our discipline.

Although some geographical work may include all four (or more) of these traditions, it is likely that most will emphasize only one or two of them. If, however, a work has none of these themes or concepts, are we then justified in asking the annoying question, But is it geography? Although there have been excesses in the promotion, acceptance, and rejection of these traditions, they have remained central to most geographic investigations during the past century. It is relevant to study the development of geography in the past when one realizes that some of the new trends in the discipline are really the same worthy traditions in a slightly different form and with better tools.

▲ Professor Robinson is a member of the Department of Geography of the University of British Columbia, Vancouver.


Schnitt's Global Warming Files

It is virtually shoved down our throats that scientists are in complete agreement about global warming. Al Gore and the media assure us there is an absolute consensus in the scientific community that humans are heating the planet and irreversible damage is looming as a result of man's carbon output. The truth is, there is not an irrefutable consensus. How about some intellectual honesty? Reasonable debate? Or, in the least, a different explanation. Below is one of the largest collections of articles and opinion pieces on the Internet, many written by respected scientists, climatologists, meteorologists and professors who dispute the apocalyptic "man-made" explanation of global warming.

This list will continue to grow, so check back frequently.

Schnitt's Global Warming Files


Thursday, November 8, 2007

Clean Paint from Carpet

Basically - getting paint out of a carpet is a b****, but this is how you have to do it.

It works best if the paint is wet.
Find out if its water or oil based. If water use water, if oil use paint thinner.
Dump this onto the carpet and use a scrub brush. Soak it up with rags or use a wet vac (This works best). Keep doing this and the paint will get thinner and lighter.

You probably wont be able to get all the paint out but it will be unnoticeable.

That "oops" you heard during that painting project in the other room is bad news - latex paint can ruin a carpet. Act fast or you may have to permanently place a potted plant in that stained spot.

One - Remove as much wet paint as you can by blotting with a clean, white, absorbent cloth; work from the outside in to avoid spreading the stain.
Two - Sponge with cool water and blot again (still from the outside in) until you've removed as much paint as you can.
Three - Mix one-teaspoon mild dishwashing detergent in a cup of lukewarm water.
Four - Blot with detergent solution, using a clean, white cloth, working from the outside in.
Five - Let the area dry completely and vacuum.

Tips & Warnings
If you've allowed a latex paint stain to dry, contact a professional carpet cleaning service to see if it can remove the stain. You may have to live with it.

Clean paint from carpet - My kids dropped red tempura paint on our new carpet. I tried a carpet-cleaning machine, but some of the red dye was in the fiber of the carpet. I used Goo Gone lightly over the stain, and then I used GOJO hand cleaner. I used the carpet-cleaning machine to apply more soap and water and then vacuumed the spot with the machine. To my relief, it was totally gone! You can't tell there was ever any paint on that spot.

Gojo does it all - Gojo hand cleaner will take dried paint (oil-based or Latex) from the worst carpet spot. Just put some on the spot and let set for about a minute. Rub with clean dry cloth. If stain is still there repeat again until stain disappears.

Cleaning up paint from carpet with Dawn dish detergent - I just wanted to let you know that it really does work! I spilled paint on my new carpet and frantically searched the Web for cleaning tips. I came across this website and used the tip that had been suggested by another member. I rushed out to the store, bought some Dawn and started blotting at the paint (which was dry by the time I got back from the store). It worked like a charm...Thanks for the tip!

Clean paint from carpet - Absorb as much paint with a dry towel as possible. Pour a large amount of Dawn dishwashing soap (it does not have any lanolin) in a bucket & add a small amount of water. Soak a clean towel in the soapy water & apply to the spill. Wring out & repeat.